Patient safety is relevant to a number of construction-related factors. For example, in connection to the furnishing and size of wards and medicine rooms, floor surfaces, and access to hand basins and alcohol sanitizers. The hospitals utilities such as water, heating, air (ventilation) and waste management are also relevant. The design of kitchens and sculleries is also relevant to staff procedures and handling of food, etc.
Principles for professional quality and patient safety
- When drawing up the floor plan, the placement of functions, departments, etc. in the hospital should support the creation of professional environments, knowledge sharing and learning
- When planning room distribution and sizes, consideration should be given to patient safety and quality health care, as well as the patients' private sphere and social needs
- Room furnishings should, as far as possible, be based on existing professional standards and guidelines
- Patient safety principals should guide the design of new facilities and equipment purchases, for example by incorporating knowledge of risk management, the human factor, and prevention of unintended incidents
- Rooms should be furnished with a focus on improving hygiene and avoiding infections
- Room furnishings should take into account the need for information technology to support staff in their clinical work and ensure that documentation and registration can be done as simply as possible. Furnishing should take into account existing knowledge and experience with the way light, art, colours and green areas influence the health and well-being of patients.